1. Is it naive for business leaders to try to be honest?
Please pay particular attention to Alan Greenspan’s Harvard Commencement Speech. (backup PDF here).Provide a key quotation from the speech. You are not obligated to agree with any perspectives in Mr. Greenspan’s speech, but you are expected to consider the question with care; state a clear conclusion; and support your conclusion with convincing arguments.
A person without integrity will achieve nothing, the government without integrity has no prestige. A business without integrity will not thrive.
It is not naïve for business leaders to try to be honest. A person without integrity will achieve nothing, the government without integrity has no prestige. A business without integrity will not thrive.
First, integrity is the fundamental standard to measure a person’s behavior and the basic principle of life. It is the best competitive means when engaging in commercial activities and the soul of the economic market. It is the real gold business card that any business man can hold. Also, the integrity of individual set the foundation of a country. According to the speech of Greenspan(1999) in Harvard, “National well-being,including material prosperity, rests to a substantial extent on the personal qualities of thepeople who inhabit a nation.”
Second. Integrity constitutes to credibility. Credibility is a very valuable fortune to any person, organization and state or nation. For businessman, if there is no integrity and credibility, the transaction cost and risk would be really high. Improving integrity is to improve the competence strength of the country, the quality of the nation, the civilization of the business industry. If there is no the ruler of integrity, we will lost standards doing anything. And integrity is what ho.
Thirdly, in a business world, the credibility of the enterprise is not only a brand but also a valuable resources of the organization. John Stith Pemberton, the president of Coca Cola has ever said that even if the tangible assets has decreased to zero, we could start all over again as long as we have the brand and the credibility. Thus, fundamentally, no matter it is commercial credibility, bank credibility, personal credibility, enterprise credibility and government credibility, the existence and development of those all in the service of the social exchange and economic exchange. In other words, the choosing of integrity, the establishment of integrity, the improvement of integrity and the perfection of integrity is an inevitable choice in the process of going after gain and avoid harms in social exchange activities.
Forth, the integrity could promote the optimal allocation and reasonable full use of economic resources, improve the efficiency of business operation and management, reduce transaction costs or communication costs, and ultimately promote the maximization of profits and the realization of utility maximization.
Greenspan, (June 10, 1999) Commencement address at Harvard, http://www.federalreserve.gov/boarddocs/speeches/1999/199906102.htm, August, 10th, 2017
2. Please read and think about this quotation:
“The mind is fickle and flighty, it flies after fancies and whatever it likes; it is difficult indeed to restrain. But it is a great good to control the mind; a mind self-controlled is a source of great joy.”
–Buddha’s Teachings (Penguin Classics, p. 8).
Identify three strategies you use (or recommend) to strengthen self-control. This optional reading may give you some ideas: An interview conducted with Roberto Assagioli by Sam Keen.
The first strategy one could use to strengthen self-control is keeping in the stage of consciousness and practice disidentification and identification. When a thought, an emotion or a feeling conjure up in one’s mind, one should be conscious enough to identify them and know it is not what he or she is. To avoid being controlled by them, one should be able to dominant one’s own emotions, feelings and thoughts first. One could practice awareness and affirming. To be the center of pure self consciousness, the first step is to spot the anything conjure up in the mind. The second step is to affirm it is something written in the water. The mind is like water, anything happened would flow away. One could spare certain time everyday to practice “watching” the thoughts. “Systematic introspection can help to eliminate all partial self-identifications.”(Golden Mean)
The second strategy could be doing meditation. Meditation could be able to let the mind stops in a way. Through doing meditation, one could feel more nearer to the divine, to the Dao, or to the god. Meditation could creates a certain mind stage where on could feel calm and loved. Distracting thoughts would not be bothering. When one’s mind is stable, one will feel in control of oneself. Meditation could also bring us to the divinity of ourselves. Most of the time, we are blocked by all fierce thoughts, emotions and strong feelings. We feel overwhelmed and more upsetting. This creates a vicious circle. Meditation enable us to jump out of the circle and go directly to the center of the consciousness. When being in the center, one would be calm an capable of ruling directing and using all psychological processes and physical body in which way to achieve self control. Meditation also allow us to have a bird view. Through meditation, we can feel the unity of the universe and we are part of it. We feel everything is in a reasonable order. We can have the belief that everything will work out and knows why things turn out to be this way. The sense of safety will root in our mind thus we do not feel disturbed by distracting thoughts. We own ourselves and can control our selves.
The third method is imagine. Take some time every day to imagine oneself with a stronger mind and self control. To imagine real life situation which would annoy you generally, and imagine the attitude you are going to adopt to face it. Do inner dialogue. Imagine a very wise man siting with you, you could ask him for tips of strengthen self-control and see how he would answer and believe it. When you are going to lose control, imagine the wise man is looking at you and stops for a while to listen what he is saying. Imagine to be in the mind stage of clear and calm and be able to rule, direct and use the psychological processes and physical body. Imagine the wholeness and unity of the universe and believe everything is in order. You don’t have to worry or concern with thoughts, emotions or feelings. Imagine you are an observer to your mind, and step outside yourself to look at your mind from a distance. Imagine you are seeing the true “I” under the surface of all feelings and thoughts.
3. Please read Book One of the Meditations of Roman Emperor and Stoic philosopher Marcus Aurelius. Then write a concise statement of gratitude (400 words or less) identifying the ethical and intellectual debts you owe to family members, teachers, or friends. Fictitious names are permitted, but the statement of gratitude should be genuine.
To my mother, I am indebted for having the thorough care, endless love and selfless scarifies. My mother taught to have a big heart and to be forgiving. I also learned that one can not find the true confidence and happiness in beauty or fortune. Complaining will not solve anything. A woman could be how tender, patience and supportive. I also learned that there is a difference between loving and controlling. I am also indebted for her pain of giving birth to me.
To my father, I am indebted for having the careful protection, decent life quality and profound teaching. I learned that one’s reality is created by oneself. When you are good and bring good stuff to the universe, the universe would bring more good thing to you. When you are kind and generous, life would treat you more kind and generous. Forgiving is not about others, it is a way to let go resentment in one’s heart. Disadvantage is a blessing. My father work really hard to be responsible. He is good model to show me how to be a mature adult. He taught me that one should let go of former pains. Trusting in people is a valuable trait.
To my EX girl friend, I am indebted for kind giving, sincere heart, all the touching moments and the blessing of feeling the love. I learned empathy understanding. Love is not to fulfill one’s desire or needs, it is to give the best thing to the other half. Love should be a noble thing. One should be brave to love even with the risk of to be hurt. I also learned that relationship needs more than love. It also requires perseverance, patience and kindness. I also learn that only one has confidence in oneself can he or she has confidence in the relationship. Confidence is what keep the relationship going on.
To all my friends, I am indebted for warm company, long lasting support and protection. They taught me how to become a caring, loving person. I am blessed with a kind of relationship that is as strong as romantic love and kinship. I learned how to treat people carefully and respectfully even the relationship is close. I learned to share pains with others.
To the strangers on the road, I am indebted for their kind help, beautiful words and sincerity. Through them, I feel the humanity of the world and the kindness of the universe. I also learned that helping people is so much fulfilling. Believing in others is a kind of kindness and also a way to connect with others. They also taught me that be grateful when you get anything or have the ability to give anything.
4. First, please consider this list of failures and successes in the life of Abraham Lincoln. We’re suggesting that one of Lincoln’s greatest attributes was his ability to recover and learn from failure. The quality of perseverance seemed especially useful to Lincoln as he struggled with “melancholy” (what might now be called depression) Please read this related article by Joshua Wolf Shenk.
For Lincoln, learning how to persevere also meant learning how to adapt. Based on your reading of Shenk’s article, please identify three of Lincoln’s most successful adaptation strategies (skills, habits, or ways of thinking) that helped him use his struggle with depression to accomplish worthy goals.
The first successful adaptation strategy that helped him use his struggle with depression is that he changed his desire to death to the desire of accomplish some nearly impossible thing, which he could live for. He refer it the ‘irresponsible desire’. In fighting the melancholy, he never refuse to acknowledge his situation and even mention his fear in the letter to his law partner. I suppose that it is the first step that he can successfully fight against the melancholy, acknowledging its existence, facing it directly and asking help. When the outside force failed to help him, he kept striving to find solution and deal with from internal. That is when he transformed his desire to death to accomplish some big thing that people could associate his name with.
The second successful adaptation that helped him use his struggle with depression is that he turns the question whether he would live to how he would live. He engaged in psychological activities to gain self-understanding, to learn his situation and how he could improve it. He never gave up on himself even though at the most hopeless moment. That also laid down the foundation of his character. Also during this period, he learned how to master the feelings of hopelessness, releasing himself form melancholy in working, reading, jokes and poems.
The third successful adaptation that helped him use his struggle with depression is newspaper cutting. He figures out a way to combat the depression. He feels that the American people’s hope and compliment to him has a profound effect to ease his depression and he will cuts those words down, put them in pockets for him to look at whenever he feels depressed.
The forth third successful adaptation that helped him use his struggle with depression is that he finds strength in the divine and being very submissive to it. According to Elizabeth Keckley, Mary Lincoln’s dressmaker, she once found that Lincoln appears very sad and tired, but after reading a book, he seems more delightful and cheerful. And the book is the Book of Job.
5. The Declaration of Independence refers to the ”pursuit of happiness.” Should the word ”pleasure” be substituted for ”happiness”? Why/why not? Explain your answer.
No, the word “pleasure” should not be substituted for “happiness”.
The word “pleasure” is more of a kind of spiritual satisfaction or enjoyment. While happiness is more down to earth satisfaction sentiment to life, so I think the pursuit of happiness is more proper.
6. Please read this decision by the Iowa Supreme Court in an attorney discipline case and answer these four questions:
[a] Should judges care if attorneys submit legal briefs or written motions that are plagiarized? Please explain your answer.
Yes, the judges should care if attorneys submit legal briefs or written motions that are plagiarized.
Because first it harms the ethical rules, shows no professional responsibility as a lawyer. Also, it is irresponsible for the paid client. Further, it shows no respect to the original author.
[b] Attorney Peter Cannon was punished by the court and by the attorney disciplinary board. Do you think these punishments (taken as a whole) were too lenient, too severe, or about right? Please explain your answer.
I think it is about right. The behavior of the attorney Peter indeed harms the client, the original author and betrayed the oath he has made. He should be responsible for his behavior. The punishment is just about right to justify the justice.
[c] The Iowa Supreme Court referred to another case involving attorney plagiarism (Iowa Supreme Court Board of Professional Ethics & Conduct v. Lane). In that case, the punishment for attorney Lane (suspension of his license to practice) was more severe than the punishment imposed on attorney Cannon. What distinction did the court make between these two cases? Do you agree with the court’s reasoning? Please explain your answer.
The court made the distinction that Lane tried to conceal his plagiarism and he charged a large amount of fee, neither of which present in the case of Cannon.
I agree with court’s reasoning, because the punishment indeed should be given based on the intention, attitudes of the wrongdoing lawyer and the amount of fees involved
[d] The state of Florida requires “personal appearances before the [disciplinary] board for public reprimands for disciplined lawyers” [italics added]. Do you think this kind of public shaming is appropriate or too harsh? Please explain your answer.
I think it is a little bit too harsh, it will be a shameful experience and might traumatize one’s mind state, but I admit it is a hard way to teach someone a lesson and it might be helpful.
7. What advice do you have for your fellow students about the best way to avoid committing an act of academic dishonesty?
Making Notes When reading other people ‘s paper, learn to take notes and indicate the author and the year of publication so that it can be quickly found and one will never forget to quote. Wikipedia is not a reliable source for rigorous academic articles, one has to be careful with Wikipedia, the source of the reference must be reliable professional academic literature. Paraphrasing carefully. In fact, when writing a paper, one do not need express the most creative point of view or put forward the views that on one has point out, it is about critical thinking and learn to convey the views of others through understanding and in one’s own language and expression.
Use Of Quotations and Cite all sources used
Note that the use of quotation marks, the correct use of references and literature list. In addition, according to different disciplines, there will be different reference format, for example, social science, media, the law will have a different style
8. Please review the assigned excerpts from An Anatomy of Life in the Death Camps by Terrence Des Pres. Kindly respond to this question:
“Does Terrence Des Pres think the human moral sense is an idealistic illusion or an evolutionary survival strategy?”
Please explain your answer, agreeing or disagreeing with Des Pres’ analysis. Cite at least one of the numbered paragraphs for support.
Terrence Des Pres think the human moral sense is an evolutionary survival strategy.
I agree with Des Pres.
No one is an island, especially in severe situation. The extreme conditions calls for cooperation and allies. Human moral sense enables us to take after each other, the survival chance will increase as a whole. It does not matter which individual survive at last, the point is to increase the chance of survival of the whole group. In the excerpts, “And all the time there was this awful fight for one’s bare existence. The essential thing of course, was not to lose the will to live, for this definitely meant death. I soon realized that alone one could not possibly survive. It was necessary therefore to form little families of two or three. In this way we looked after one another” (Hart, 63). Thus, I agree with Terrence Des Pres that the human moral sense is an evolutionary survival strategy.
Terrence Des Pres . (7 Feb. 1980), An Anatomy of Life in the Death Camps, U.S.A: Oxford University Press,
9. How is a good life defined, and what is your plan to achieve it? Please refer to the assigned readings (above) to support your answers.
A good life could be defined as one with healthy mind and body and in which life one could find things live for and full of desire and hope to accomplish them. My plan is to cultivate a healthy life style, eat the right food, sleep at the right time, and exercise the appropriate amount. Think things bigger than myself, and live for things that are bigger than myself. When feel extremely depressed, Lincoln find his “ irresponsible desire” and it is what that made him walk away from suicide.